In the Philippines, the National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP) is the document that assesses the current situation of the country with regard to climate risk. The NCCAP prioritizes food security, water sufficiency, ecological and environmental stability, human security, climate-smart industries and services, sustainable energy, and knowledge and capacity development as the strategic direction for 2011 to 2028.
Monitoring and evaluation are important aspects of the NCCAP. This will be led by the Climate Change Commission by focusing on efficiency, effectiveness, and impact of mitigation and adaptation activities. As a component of its monitoring and evaluation, the NCCAP identified the implementation of a national system for archiving, reporting, monitoring, and evaluating greenhouse has (GHG) emissions as an activity that can support better planning for climate change adaptation and mitigation actions.
In November 2014, former President Benigno Aquino III signed Executive Order 174 to establish the Philippine Greenhouse Gas Inventory Management and Reporting System (PGHGIMRS) to institutionalize the GHG inventory management and reporting system with the Climate Change Commission as the overall lead for its implementation.
This GHG inventory component of NICCDIES is used for archiving, reporting, monitoring and evaluating GHG inventories in all key source sectors. The Executive Order 174 specifies the lead agencies for the sectors that will be conducting, documenting, archiving, and monitoring the sector-specific GHG emissions and reporting them to the CCC: Department of Agriculture (DA) for the agriculture sector; Department of Energy (DOE) for the energy sector; Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) for the waste, industrial processes and product use (IPPU), and forestry sectors; and Department of Transportation (DOTr) for the transport sector.